News Journal reporter Jerry Smith reports on the aftermath of Delaware's 4.1 magnitude earthquake. Jason Minto/The News Journal
Town of Dewey Beach Mayor T.J. Redefer talks about the future of Dewey Beach growing.
Indian River School district parents came out in protest at the Indian River Board of Education meeting on Monday, Nov. 27, 2017. Produced by Megan Raymond
Kimberlee Cullen acquired an allergy to red meat from the bite of a lone star tick — named for the single white spot it displays on its back. Wochit video by Keith Demko
Barbara “Bobbi” McClay felt like she had no other choice when she went in front of the Sussex County Board of Adjustment in October to ask permission to rent rooms in her Lewes home through Airbnb. Now, she may be the first person in Delaware specifically prohibited from renting through the online home rental site. Wochit
The owners of Gary's Dewey Beach Grill have started a brewery called 38°-75° Brewing. Jason Minto/The News Journal/USA TODAY
Zack King and Marissa Cordell have been planning and working to open the easySpeak Distillery & Brewpub in Milford for a year now. Jason Minto/The News Journal/USA TODAY
After 22 years the original Dogfish Head brew pub is being torn down to make way for a new courtyard that will have an outdoor dining section and the back half will house the brewery and distillery for collaborations and brewpub exclusives. Produced by Megan Raymond
Delaware has received an "A plus" rating and has been ranked the second best state in the 2017 Small Business Friendliness Survey by Thumbtack, a web and phone application for small businesses. Wochit
Dogfish Head and RAR Brewing founders explain why craft breweries work together. Produced by Ryan Marshall and Megan Raymond
Allen Harim broke ground on Wednesday beginning the construction phase of a new $22 million state-of-the-art hatchery on Delmarva. Produced by Megan Raymond
Walter Fenstermacher, Brandywine Valley SPCA, speaks about the 3 of the 31 dogs that were rescued from a Seaford home who are ready for adoption.
The new Rehoboth Beach City Hall was built on land lacking a clear deed. The city is asking the courts to give them a clean and clear title to the land. Wochit
Dune protection a concern for beach mayors in Bethany, South Bethany and Fenwick. Jason Minto/The News Journal/USA TODAY
Sussex Tech's Virginia Forcucci named Delaware's 2018 Teacher of the Year. Jason Minto/The News Journal/USA TODAY
Eighteen inmates were indicted in the February takeover of James T. Vaughn Correctional Center near Smyrna that resulted in the death of Lt. Steven Floyd. Daniel Sato/The News Journal
100 varieties of jerky available, including exotic meats such as kangaroo and elk in addition to gourmet snacks, popcorn, nuts, spices, sauces and rubs available.
Gov. John Carney toured Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge, and took a Cape Water Taxi ECO Tour of the Lewes/Rehoboth Canal. Megan Raymond video
Dollar stores are popping up on street corners across Delmarva, swimming against the retail sector's falling tide. Video by Jeremy Cox
18 dogs who rode out Hurricane Irma in shelters have been flown into Delaware today to assist in being adopted by the Brandywine Valley SPCA. Produced by Megan Raymond
John Donato paints murals with children that focus on subjects such as bully prevention, character building or anything else they are trying to instill into the children and staff. Produced by Megan Raymond
Godwin's School, a one-room schoolhouse closed in 1936, has been the focus of an extended restoration effort by the Millsboro Historical Society since 1988. Produced by Megan Raymond
Nearly 17,000 plants take form at Delaware Botanic Gardens Produced by Megan Raymond
The Sussex County Republican Committee holds a rally in support of President Donald J. Trump. Produced by Megan Raymond
Tom Draper, the owner of WBOC, has died following a car accident. Wochit
A group of local volunteers has banned together to raise public awareness and help clean up the main tributary of Little Assawoman Bay. The Dirickson Creek Team is made up of residents who live along the creek, who love to boat and kayak there, but recognize that it's just not safe anymore. Wochit
Big Oyster Brewery's expansion in Lewes will increase production by 2,500 barrels Produced by Megan Raymond
University of Delaware freshmen involved in the Community Engagement Scholars Program help make their community a better place. Produced by Megan Raymond
Delaware's Jim Jannuzzio started a textbook concierge app last year called BookBandit. Over the last year, BookBandit's download totals have tripled and the business was selected by Google to participate in an invitation-only program. Wochit
Kathy and Leslie Megyeri have been coming to Bethany Beach for over 50 years. Produced by Megan Raymond
View of the partial solar eclipse from Brandywine Creek State Park Damian Giletto/The News Journal
Learn a bit of history of the the tower's along the Delaware Coast. Produced by Megan Raymond
Paul Kuhns will become Rehoboth Beach's first new mayor since 1990. Video by Keith Demko
Zap Pro/Am World Championships of Skimboarding held its semi-finals on Friday, August 11, 2017 at Dewey Beach, Del. Produced by Megan Raymond
Resident Bob Lowe discusses the headaches that new development and more traffic has caused along Route 54 Produced by Megan Raymond
Tommy Gibson can't see. The massage therapist based in Sussex County has been blind since the turn of the century. But Gibson uses his other senses to their highest degrees, and has been working as a massage therapist since 2002. Wochit
Local doo wop radio station takes listeners back in time. Produced by Megan Raymond
The beach season has been calm so far for lifeguards, but they know the worst is yet to come. Wochit
Towns put on free events at the beach almost daily. Why do they do this? Produced by Gray Hughes
Vineyard Wine Bar and Bistro is providing an upscale food and wine experience at the beach. Wochit
Ocean View Police Department hosted "Officer for a Day" a program working with 311 Tactical, LLC. designed to allow citizens to experience policing from an officer's perspective. Produced by Megan Raymond
Rosemary Connelly speak about learning to draw and sketch and tips to stick with it.
Chef Chris Parks has elevated the cuisine at Lupo in Rehoboth over the last few years. Produced by Jeff Neiburg
New complaints were filed this week on behalf of several former town employees and one businesswoman against Dewey Beach Town Manager Marc Appelbaum, including allegations of sexual harassment and unprofessionalism. Wochit
On the Millsboro municipal website, a message is displayed front and center about the town's new vision: "Explosive Growth. Retailers Wanted. Families & Employers Welcome." It's part of a plan that focuses on attracting businesses to boost the quiet little town's economy. Produced by Gray Hughes
State Sen. Brian Pettyjohn missed his flight Thursday after TSA found his handgun in his carry-on. Wochit
Some members of the General Assembly want to create a task force that would figure out how much money Delaware could save if it reduced the number of school districts. Wochit
Farming irrigation system damage on Donnie Calhoun's farm east of Greenwood. Jason Minto/The News Journal/USA TODAY
Security camera footage of possible tornado damage at Delaware Electric Cooperative Monday. Delaware Electric Cooperative
KK Kan Kare makes sure Rehoboth Beach residents do not run afoul of the city's trash ordinance.
The crew of the Coast Guard Cutter Lawrence Lawson, along with members of the Marine Education, Research & Rehabilitation Institute and members of Sea Turtle Recovery rescue a loggerhead turtle approximately 3-miles east of Cape Henlopen near Lewes. Coast Guard video
Former Vice President Joe Biden, the longest-serving Delaware senator, and his wife, Jill, fulfilled a longtime dream by purchasing a vacation home at the Delaware seashore. Video by Keith Demko
SoDel's Scott Kammerer at the newest Bluecoast Seafood Grill and Raw Bar Produced by Megan Raymond
A Dagsboro police officer was forced to kill a rescued stray pit bull Tuesday when it could not be made to stop attacking an officer from Delaware Animal Services, police said. Produced by Doug Ferrar
Marty Lamper, Concerned Resident of White Creek speaks about the proposed watercraft slips and a boat ramp Produced by Megan Raymond
Delaware Governor John Carney talks about his plan for prison reform in Delaware at a press conference at Legislative Hall. Jason Minto/The News Journal/USA TODAY
Wilmington police investigate a shooting on Sixth Street that injured a 6-year-old boy on Tuesday, June 6, 2017. Adam Duvernay and Daniel Sato/The News Journal
Margaret Guy, Outreach Minster for Stop the Violence Prayer Chain, reacts to the city's most recent shooting, which happened near her outreach ministry. Adam Duvernay/The News Journal
View of the new Resilient Tunnel Plug built by ILC Dover. The Resilient Tunnel Plug is capable of blocking tunnels during terrorist attacks and natural disasters. Jason Minto/The News Journal/USA TODAY
A 17-year-old girl will not serve prison time for last year's fatal attack of Howard High School of Technology sophomore Amy Inita Joyner-Francis. 6/5/17 Damian Giletto/The News Journal
- Delaware anglers survive 'mega' quake
- WATCH: Town of Dewey Beach Mayor T.J. Redefer talks about the future
- WATCH: Anti-discrimination proposal draws protest
- WATCH: Lone star ticks cause intense allergy to red meat
- WATCH: Airbnb debate: Sussex prohibits widow from renting her home
- Second brewery set to open in Dewey Beach
- New distillery brewpub soon to open in Milford
- WATCH: Original Dogfish Head brew pub gets demolished
- Delaware receives small business accolades
- Watch: Why Dogfish Head and RAR Brewing collaborate on beers
- WATCH: Allen Harim $22 million hatchery groundbreaking in Dagsboro
- WATCH: 3 dogs ready for adoption from animal cruelty case
- Rehoboth seeks clear title to City Hall land
- Dune protection a concern for beach mayors
- Sussex Tech teacher named Delaware Teacher of the Year
- 18 indicted in Delaware prison takeover
- WATCH: Beef jerky Outlet store opening in Rehoboth
- WATCH: Gov. Carney takes ECO Tour on Lewes/Rehoboth Canal
- WATCH: Why dollar stores are sweeping across Delmarva
- WATCH: Hurricane Irma shelter dogs flown into New Castle Airport
- WATCH: Local Artist works with schools and organizations to paint murals to help educate
- WATCH: A 29-year restoration project celebrates historic Millsboro one-room school
- WATCH: Planting has begun at the new Delaware Botanic Gardens at Pepper Creek
- WATCH: 'Support Our President' rally in Georgetown, Del.
- WBOC owner Thomas Draper dies
- WATCH: Volunteers help clean up Dirickson Creek
- WATCH: Big Oyster Brewery to open in Lewes
- WATCH: Students 'Rock the Block' in Millsboro
- UD student's textbook app taking off
- WATCH: Vacationing in South Bethany Beach for 50 years
- Watch the eclipse make its way across Brandywine Creek State Park
- WATCH: History of Dewey Beach Tower 3
- WATCH: Tough issues face next Rehoboth mayor
- WATCH: Zap Pro/Am World Championships of Skimboarding semi-finals
- WATCH: Route 54 traffic headaches have no clear solution
- WATCH: Blind massage therapist uses sixth sense to help clients
- WATCH: Local Radio station takes listeners back in time
- WATCH: Lifeguards have had calm season
- WATCH: Free events at the beach add extra value
- WATCH: A new wine experience in Rehoboth
- WATCH: Ocean View Police Department "Officer for a Day"
- WATCH: Rosemary Connelly speaks about learning to draw and sketch
- WATCH: Chef Chris Parks shining at Lupo in Rehoboth
- WATCH: New complaints of sexual misconduct vs. Dewey town manager
- Millsboro says plan to draw business, residents is working
- State Senator misses flight when gun found in carry-on
- Lawmakers consider fewer Delaware school districts
- Irrigation system turned over during storm in Greenwood
- Possible tornado damage at Delaware Electric Cooperative
- Meet Rehoboth Beach's trash valet company
- Watch: Coast Guard rescues loggerhead turtle off Lewes coast
- WATCH: Bidens purchase vacation home in Rehoboth area
- WATCH: SoDel's Bluecoast Seafood Grill open in Rehoboth
- Watch: Police shoot dog during attack on animal control officer
- WATCH: Residents, developer argue over White Creek usage in Ocean View
- Governor talks plan for prison reform
- Wilmington police investigate shooting on 6th Street
- Wilmington shooting: "This stuff is nonsense"
- ILC Dover develops big plug with an even bigger job
- Trinity Carr sentenced to six months in death of Joyner-Francis
On farms throughout Delaware, fall is a traditional harvest time. It also is a time of reckoning because the harvest yield will be a measure of the farm's success for the year.
Indeed, farms are bustling with activity this fall as corn, soybeans and other grain crops are harvested.
But it also is harvest time for grape growers, providers of the key ingredient for the state's ever-growing cottage wine industry.
And, as the state's farm-based wineries finish their harvest, most are pleased by the 2017 crop and optimistic that good wines will be the result of this year's yield.
"I am pretty happy with what we have so far," said Mike Reese, winemaker at Nassau Valley Vineyard in Lewes.
Ditto in Kent County.
"It's the best vintage yield we've ever had," said Chuck Nunan, owner of Harvest Ridge Winery in Marydel.
Nunan estimates that his wine grape yield is 20 percent higher than a year ago.
Workers at the Nassau Valley Vineyard just finished picking cabernet sauvignon grapes, the last to be harvested.
And their yields also are up from a year ago.
"We got a good quantity at harvest, mostly because we got a lot rain" early in the growing season, said Reese.
For vintners, growing wine grapes is always a game of roulette. A late spring frost can damage the vines and the fruit buds, reducing the growth.
Lack of rain can affect the size of the grapes — generally they are smaller with less rain, larger with more precipitation.
Smaller grapes also mean the sugar content is more concentrated, which is considered a positive trait for most quality wines.
But the heavy rains in spring and early summer in Delaware resulted in larger than usual grapes.
Which means that winemakers will have to adjust to the lower sugar content.
"I try to make the best with what I've got," said Reese.
Pete Pizzadili, co-owner of Pizzadili Vineyard and Winery in Felton, said the sugar content in his harvested grapes also is lower because of the rain and that may result in less than robust wine.
"We've seen better years," he said.
Said Nunan: "Winemaking is always a gamble."
Farm-based wineries are a relatively recent phenomenon in Delaware, although grapes have long been a common crop in the southern part of the state.
But it was not because farmers lacked interest in making wine.
It is because it was against the law.
In fact, having a winery on the farm was illegal until a Sussex County-based father and daughter team decided to head to Dover in the 1990s to change the law.
As a result of the lobbying by Nassau Valley co-owner Peg Raley, the law was changed and farm wineries were legalized in 1991.
Two years later, Peg and her dad, Bob Raley, opened their winery on farmland near Lewes, Delaware. Bob Raley died in 2013.
The Raleys had been raising grapes since 1987 but, until the law was passed, they sold their harvest to others.
Now, the Nassau Valley Vineyards features six acres of red and white grapes, producing wines using chardonnay, cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc and merlot varieties. In addition, they buy grapes from other growers to produce an additional 14 varieties of wine.
The winery features a retail shop and public tours are offered, particularly on weekends.
And it is the oldest farm-based winery in Delaware.
In Marydel, Chuck Nunan began as an amateur winemaker in 1995. After a visit to a winery in South Carolina, Chuck and Chris Nunan decided to grow grapes on 16 acres of their historic family farm. The vineyards are in sight of a stone property marker that identifies the location of the Mason-Dixon line.
Their Kent County winery opened to the public in 2013 and the Nunans continue to plant more grapes — an additional 4 acres went in the ground this year.
It will take three years before the new vines are at full yield.
Currently, Harvest Ridge is growing several red wine grapes, including cabernet sauvignon, merlot and malbec. The whites include viognier, and chardonnay.
Chuck Nunan said they picked the white grapes early because of a September hurricane threat but decided to risk leaving red grapes on the vine.
"We gambled on the whites because of the hurricane, but I think they are OK because the season was two weeks ahead" of normal, Nunan said.
But, despite the early harvest gamble, he is optimistic that the white wine varieties will be good.
"I am very happy with what I have so far," he said.
And Nunan is thrilled with his decision to risk leaving the red grapes on the vine.
"Our malbec is phenomenal," he said. "And our merlot is the pinnacle."
Once the grapes are picked and crushed, the juice is placed in barrels — commonly oak — and allowed to age.
Nunan leaves his red wines in barrels for up to a year, then he ages it for another three to six months in bottles before it is ready for sale.
He said the Harvest Ridge white wines from this season will be ready for sale next spring; reds, requiring more aging, will be sold starting in 2019.
Nunan said Delaware is ideal for grape growing, similar to the top wine regions in Europe.
He said the Delaware climate is moderate, the soil is sandy and proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and Chesapeake Bay reduces the likelihood of damaging frost.
Both the bay and the ocean help cool the vineyards at night.
"The climate and soil of Delaware is very similar to that of Bordeaux," France, he said.
Though geography is important, Nunan acknowledges that any type of farming carries risk.
So, even with this year's record yield, he remains a realist.
"Part of being a winemaker is, you take what God gives you," he said.